The organization shall be named the Chinese Economic Association in North America.


ARTICLE II: Objectives

1.    The objectives of the Association shall be:

a.    To encourage and promote professional communication and research activities among, but not limited to, Chinese economists residing in the North American continent.

b.    To facilitate cooperation and participation in research efforts among economic professionals in the academic, government, and corporate sectors who share interests in economic relations between North America and China, Taiwan, and among the Pacific Rim nations in general.

c.     To maintain close relations with professional organizations that share the same scholastic interests and concerns, e.g., the American Economic Association, Society for Economic and Financial management in China, Chinese Economics Association, Association for Asian Studies, and the Committee on Asian Economic Studies, etc.

d.    To sponsor programs and publications, to conduct such other activities as deemed appropriate for a   non-profit professional society, and to advance the overall well-being of the members. 


2.       These objectives may be furthered by professional means, including, but not limited to:

a.       Professional meetings and conferences.

b.       Information services.

c.    Technical publications.


3.    The term professional as used herein does not imply an attempt at certification or determination of qualifying standards for the practice of economics. The term is used to denote the professional concerns of members of a learned society.


ARTICLE III: Membership


1.       Any economic professional willing to pursue the objectives of the Association may apply for term or lifetime membership. Graduate students in economics and related fields may apply for non-voting, junior membership.


2.       Any institution sharing the interests stated in the objectives of the Association may apply for   institutional membership.


3.    Membership shall be granted upon submission of a written application and payment of membership    dues.


ARTICLE IV:  Meetings of Members


1.    There shall be at least one annual meeting of the members each year at a time and place determined by the Executive Committee (See Article VI). At the annual meeting there shall be a business session to receive the report of the Executive Committee, to consider changes in the by-laws, in accordance with Article XIII, and for other items of business.


2.     Special meeting(s) of the members may be called at times and places determined by the Executive committee or by written request of at least one-third of the Association's members or thirty (30) members.


3.    All meetings of members shall be called on at least thirty (30) days written notice.


ARTICLE V: The Founding Board


1.    The past and current Presidents, Vice-President, and Treasurer/Secretary of the association as of December 30, 1986, shall constitute the Founding board. The Board is the body to carry out the founding process of the Association.

2.    Until the Association is formally organized, the Founding Board shall execute the functions of the meeting of members defined in Article IV above.

3.    The Founding Board shall be dissolved upon the installation of the first Executive committee.


ARTICLE VI: The Executive Committee


1.       The President, President-Elect, Vice-President, the immediate past President and Vice-President, and Secretary and Treasurer shall constitute the Executive Committee.


2.       The Executive Committee shall:

a.       Manage the affairs of the Association.

b.       Fill all vacancies in elected positions of the Executive Committee occasioned by death or resignation. Any such appointment shall extend only until a successor is duly elected by the members, in accordance with Article VIII.

c.       Call and organize member meetings.

d.     Invest and administer the funds of the Association.

e.       Establish and appoint such committees as may be required.


ARTICLE VII: Meetings of the Executive Committee


1.       Meetings of the Executive committee may be held at such times and places as are necessary to carry on the business of the Association.


2.       A majority of the Executive Committee shall constitute a quorum.


3.       Meetings of the Executive committee may be called by the President.


4.       The President chairs the meetings of the Executive Committee.


5.       Between meetings, the President shall be delegated to carry out the affairs of the Association upon consultation with other members of the Committee, where necessary.



ARTICLE VIII: Election and Tenure of Members of the Executive Committee


1.    The President-Elect, Vice-President, and Treasurer/Secretary shall be elected by letter ballots of the members. (See Article XIV for exception.)


2.    The Executive Committee shall appoint a Nominating Committee no less than one hundred and twenty (120) days prior to the beginning of the term for which an election is to be held. The Nominating committee shall consist of five (5) members of the Association.


 3.   The Nominating Committee shall prepare the official ballot containing the names of candidates it selected and any other person nominated by three percent (3%) or more of the membership.


 4.   Official ballots shall be mailed to all the members at least thirty (30) days prior to the due date for return of ballots. Ballots must be returned by a date specified by the President and in a sealed envelope bearing each member's signature.


 5.   The ballots shall be counted by tellers appointed by the President and the results announced to the members at the annual meeting.


6.    The term of office for the President shall be one (1) year. The President-Elect will automatically become the President in the following term. The terms of office other than the presidency may be longer than two years to provide continuance.


ARTICLE IX: Other Administrative Matters


Standing and ad hoc committees (such as Program and Award Committee), Advisory Board, and  administrative assistants (such as Assistant Secretary/Treasurer) may be appointed by the President after consultation with other members of the Executive Committee.


ARTICLE X: Membership Fees


The annual membership fees for individual, life and institution members shall be set by the Executive Committee.


ARTICLE XI: Rule of Order


1.       The rules contained in Robert's Rules of Order shall govern the parliamentary procedure of all meetings of the Association and its committees in all cases to which they are applicable, provided they are not inconsistent with these by-laws.

2.       In the event of any inconsistency between Robert's Rules of Order and these by-laws, the procedures specified in the by-laws shall prevail.


ARTICLE XII: Interpretation of By-Laws


All questions of interpretation of the by-laws should be decided by the Executive Committee.


ARTICLE XIII: Amendments of By-Laws


1.    The by-laws may be adopted, annulled, or amended by the affirmative vote of a majority of the members voting by letter or at the annual meeting.

2.    No such action shall be taken at the annual meeting unless the change in the by-laws is proposed by the Executive Committee or by written request of one-third of active membership or thirty (30) members. Notice of the proposed change shall be mailed by the President to each member at least thirty (30) days in advance of the annual meeting.


ARTICLE XIV: Founding the Association


For the officers of the year of 1989, all of President, President-Elect, Vice President, and Treasurer/Secretary shall be elected at the same time. From the year of 1990 on, only the last three positions shall be elected.